This is my master seed list, documenting all the types and varieties of edibles i have grown so far. It is a work in progress and not yet finished as I need to dig back and add lots more varieties from the earlier years.
Onion Allium cepa
Walla Walla (O) SMar-Apr HMid June-Oct Sweet salad onion delicious raw with a high water and low sulfur content. An old variety originating in Corsica and brought to the Walla Walla valley USA where it was cultivated and prized as a sweet, hardy French onion. Flavour is said to become less pungent and sweeter after a few weeks in store. 2010 did not grow well gardener more than var.
*Rouge de Florence Also known as Rossa Lunga Di Firenze or Italian Red Torpedo. Outstanding long red onion for use raw or in cooking. One of the best onions I have grown. I Grow it in succession for use fresh but it will store for about 6 months. 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 Sow July-Nov and March-May for continuous supply. In France sow jan-April and Sept-Dec Harvest April-Sept
Giant Zittau (O)Yellow. Sow undercover jan-feb plant out March-April or sow direct in spring 30x10cm harvest aug-sept 2004 2007
Jaune paille des Vertus Traditional variety, produces large thick flat yellow bulbs. Excellent storage maincrop onion.
Raiolette – Onion jaune doux des Cevennes Heirloom from France.The bulbs are large and extremely sweet and mild, the skin is yellowish and flesh almost white. The Cévennes Doux now has an AOC and is cultivated on terraced land from May to September. It is traditionally sown in February. Requires a dry sunny climate, sandy acid soil and a regular supply of water. Keeps well for up to 8 months. 2007, 2008
Tropea Rossa Lunga (F) S: April-Sept H May-Dec new
Rossa di Milano Mildly hot Italian red onion with a flat top tapering to a barrel-shaped bottom. Excellent keeper (SS).
Rose de Roscoff medium sized pink onion, sweet and mild, excellent raw and has good keeping qualities. This old variety has an AOC and was originally brought to Brittany in the 17th century from Portugal. H July -Aug (SW) 2009 Piglet said ‘a medium sized rose tinged mild onion with good keeping qualities and an excellent taste. They are exclusively cultivated around Roscoff in Brittany France’ failed to form bulbs!
Blanca. de Lisboa / White Lisbon A large sweet white onion. Short day variety. Large white globe shaped bulbs with silvery skins and heavy neck. Sweet and mild for eating in salads. Seeds from Spain 2009 lots of failure with this var seeds also from (O),
Ishiguro (T&M) a spring onion very poor germ and struggled to grow.
Long white Tokyo A Japanese Bunching Onion ok but still a bit of a struggle to get it to grow in our sandy dry soil and only achieved a poor crop.
Giugnese (F) also known as Bianca di Maggio Italian white mid to small sized salad onion with semi flat bulb and pure white tender flesh. Use raw or pickled.S: Mar-May & July-Sept H May-Sept 2008
Tonda Musona Large Italian all-purpose white onion, stores quite well. S: Mar-May & July-Sept H May-Sept 2008
Barletta lovely white pickling onion, ideal to pick when small for pickling onions can also be eaten as salad onions in the spring. 2007, 2008
De Rebouillon* (Tz) French oignon blanc, superb white salad onion if left to grow will produce bulbs or harvest young as ‘Cébette’ or spring onions ‘scallions’. For bulbs S mid-Aug – Mid Sept in shade, H April-July. For scallions S April-May H May-July Sow direct in rows 15-20cm apart and thin to 5cm apart in the row. 2007, 2008 (O) say Sow end of August to early March.
Hatif de Paris Excellent spring summer crop as above but sow Autumn for a spring & summer harvest. Sow aug-sept harvest April-July (G) 2006, 2007
Tree Onion A.cepa proliferum Amish Harvest the greens for eating raw 2009 rare
Tree Onion A.cepa proliferum Egyptian Walking Onion (that’s really from Iran). Plant in Autumn or as soon as the top sets mature. Very Hardy New 2009 from Patrick. An incredible onion growing all year round and providing three harvests. Early in spring the young narrow green chive-like leaves emerge – providing lovely fresh spring pickings. As the onion develops they become more like spring onions, can be gently pulled from the clump. Those that remain will continue to mature and can be pulled for the shallot-sized bulbs at the base of the plant making sure to leave plenty in each clump to form next years plants. Those you leave will grow small bulbils at the tip of long green leaves, which in turn grow into mini onions. As they get heavier the leaves bend down until the bulbils touche the ground and quickly take root and start another plant, in effect ‘walking’ around the garden. As long as you leave some of these ‘shallots’ and/or the newly rooted plants you’ll have them for years to come.
Welsh Onion or Bunching Onion Allium fistulosum perennial These onions may be called Japanese bunching onions, Welsh onions, or sometimes scallions. Although these onions are often grown as annuals, you can leave some plants in the ground to allow offshoots to develop and continue to divide. Harvest older ones carefully by gently pulling them up, so the young ones remain in the soil to grow. Bunching onions are mild and can be used fresh or in cooking just like any green onions.
Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum S: Spring or early autumn Divide in spring or sow in autumn, perennial Also called Chinese Chives or Chinese leeks. Grown for the delicious garlic flavoured leaves and flower buds. The plants are perennial, forming large clumps of lovely green foliage with a distinctive mild garlic flavour. Plants remain green until temperatures fall below 4 – 5 c, plants will die down and come into new growth in spring when temperatures rise above 2 – 3. Common Chinese chive plants have fairly narrow leaves (there’s also a broad leafed type). FdSM sow sept-oct harvest jan-aug space 40cm
Wild garlic, or ramsons Allium ursinum, is a native woodland plant growing about 1ft tall that often forms large dense green carpets of growth in the early spring. We have encouraged this plant to naturalise along our hedgerows, where it is beginning to increase nicely. You do not normally need to cultivate it – give it the right conditions and it can more than look after itself. The leaves form a very welcome addition to our diets when they appear in late winter. We eat them in quantity both raw or cooked and enjoy their mild garlic flavour. As they grow old in April then we move onto the flowers and end up eating the much hotter young seed-pods as spring turns into summer. (See our leaflet on Wild garlic for more information about this plant.)
Garlic, Violet Germidour classic French variety plant oct-dec 5cm deep, 10cm apart in rows 25cm apart H: June-July when the leaves turn yellow and leave to dry before storing.
Garlic Italian White A good all round garlic, stores very well and has a hot and pungent flavour. Saved bulbs from last year to re-sow. 2005
Garlic Asiatic Turban This is a sub-type of Asiatic, with a very short storage life according to Patrick New 2009
Garlic Uzbek Turban 1 bulb from Patrick New 2009
LEEKS Allium porrum
Bleu de Solaise Large, hardy French heirloom for winter to spring harvest (V)
Castor obtention Tezier winter var (Tz)
BRASSICAS Brassicaceae (Mostly for winter cropping)
Broccoli (Purple Sprouting) Brassica Oleracea Botrytis Cymosa Rudolph extra early (O) One of the best and most prolific purple sprouting broccolis. An open pollinated var. Huge plants produce large purple spears extra early – from December, or even October depending on when sown. S Mar-May.HOct-Jan crops in 150days
Broccoli (Purple Sprouting) Brassica Oleracea Botrytis Cymosa Late (O) Harvest Jan-Feb
Broccoli (Purple Sprouting) Brassica Oleracea Botrytis Cymosa Early (O) Harvest March
Broccoli (Purple Sprouting) Bordeaux F1 (T&M) summer sprouting broc. Has an AGM award but it performed very poorly at MDD 2005
Broccoli Green Valiant F1 not impressed the single headed var did poorly in a hot summer at MDD 2006
Broccoli Tenderstem-Green Inspiration F1 from mr.Fothergill’s never again crap F1 the op vars are much better
Broccoli Romanesco* Brassica oleracea Acephala group Botanically a broccoli but looks and tastes more like a cauliflower. This striking Italian vegetable dates back to at least the 16th century. A favourite and must grow autumn-winter vegetable. Lime green conical heads have a lovely crisp nutty sweet taste, delicious raw or lightly cooked. SMar-April
Broccoli Romanesco Veronica (T&M) excellent 2004, 2005 sow march-June
Brussels Sprouts (Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group) Rubine Gourmet red variety probably introduced in the 1930’s. Delicious red sprouts. (TE) SMarch-April plant out as soon as large enough 2ft apart.
Brussels Sprouts (Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group.) Noisette Excellent winter vegetable. This variety has small to medium sprouts with a lovely nutty flavour. Sow in seedbeds in spring, plant out in summer and harvest in winter (O)
Cabbage Brassica oleracea capitata (Savoy) Ormskirk* (T) Outstanding dark green heads of crinkly flavourful leaves for a winter-spring harvest.(T)
Cabbage Brassica oleracea capitata Quintal D’Alsace (G) The classic drumhead winter cabbage for Sauerkraut, white dense heads for winter-spring harvest. 2007
Cabbage Brassica oleracea capitata Winter Green (O)A very hardy, loose leaved spring cabbage that heads up to a point in spring. sow july – aug trans sept-oct for harvest following spring
Kale Brassica napus Red Russian* (SW Ireland) Prized winter vegetable hardy to at least –10c. Open pollinated heirloom originally from Russia. Beautiful violet-veined large tender leaves with a mild sweet flavour. Cold and heat tolerant this kale can be grown all year. Start indoors from February for spring-summer greens or sow June to provide leaves late winter/early spring. SJan-Jun TP before mid August HNov-Mar (SW/SS) 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 Can also be sown in Autumn.
Kale B.oleracea Acephala group Black Tuscan Kale* or Cavolo Nero* or Nero di Toscana (O) Outstanding dark green to black strappy crinkled leaves great taste. Harvest autumn to early spring s:April-May TP June-July 45cm each way Harvest November -March
Kale B.oleracea Acephala Georgia Southern Collard (HSL) A prolific producer of huge dark green leaves with white veins. An American heirloom dating back to before 1880. Resistant to heat and cold. S May TP July-Aug 2009 Spread 35-45cm Temp Min 13°C Max 24°C ? check this
Kale B.O longata? Jersey Walking Stick (O) SApr-May TP June-Jul HNov-Mar New 2010
Kale Asparagus Kale (HSL) Listed in ‘The Vegetable Garden’ (Vilmorin-Andrieux 1885) this variety is reputed to be one of the tastiest kales. Violet tinged leaves spring shoots can be eaten like asparagus. Compact & hardy. S May TP July-Aug 2009
Collard Greens B.oleracea Acephala Group Vates A leafy green closely related to kale. Broad leaves (SW) S Jan-Jun TP before mid August H Nov-Mar
Kohlrabi Purple Vienna (I) S(Jan-Feb) May-July H Apr-Nov 2009
Kohlrabi Blusta (T&M) purple-blue bulbs with a nice flavour, struggled in summer heat here and roots were tough. 2004
Abyssinian Cabbage B.caranata Texsel (T) S(Feb or Oct) origin Ethiopia and related to Ethiopian Mustard, known as gomen in Amharic. Fast growing and prolific delicious leafy vegetable. Use saute with garlic in a little oil. In warm climates best sown in spring and late summer or February and October undercover. S Feb H May crops in 6 weeks?
Broccoli Raab 90 / 40 day (F) Also called Broccoletto or Cima de Rapa or turnip tops. Fast growing Italian leafy delicacy.
Indian Mustard Greens Brassica juncea (O) SJune-Aug(Sept-Nov) HAug-Oct / March-April 55days
Komatsuna B.rapa var perviridis (O-Photo) 2010 SMar-Sept HApril Vigorous with dark tasty leaves a cross between cabbage and spinach. Ready to cut in 40 days. Hardy leafy crop that can stand temperatures down to -12c SMar-Sept HMay-Oct In warm climates it will be best sown late summer or autumn undercover.
Chinese Broccoli B.Oleracea alboglabra Kailaan (O)SJune-Aug Fast growing and delicately flavoured, raw or stir-fried. Rather like a tender sprouting broccoli. Best from June/July sowing.
Oriental Greens Stir Fry Mix SApril-Sept Mix contains White Pak Choi, Chinese Kale Full White, Tatsoi, Kaillan, Choy Sum Yukina and Savoy. Direct sow in drills and thin if looks to dense when germinated, or broadcast thinly. First cut in 3-4 weeks when at least 5cm high, a total of three cuts can usually be made. Pick leaves rather than whole plant. In mild winters can grow into the following spring.
Chinese Cabbage B.rapa var Pekinensis Wong Bok SJun-Aug HAug-Oct An open pollinated Mandarin heirloom. Michihili type supposed to have a tight head non that I have tried so far have had a tight head I hope this one does. (O)
Chinese Cabbage Green Tower (Fothergills) F1 instructions said sow June-aug would not grow in Mediterranean climate at that time of year. Wasted the seed.
Chinese Cabbage Brassica rapa var Pekinensis
Chinese Cabbage Brassica rapa var Pekinensis Michihli (K) poor
Pak Choi Brassica rapa var chinensis(K) aka Bok Choy 25cm tall. Stems are thick and leaves are medium green and round.
Pak Choi Brassica rapa var chinensis Canton Dwarf (O) SS A compact Pak Choi producing short, broad, spoon-shaped white stems with green leaves.
Pak Choi Brassica rapa var chinensis Riko F1 no record of growing
Pak Choi Green Revolution nice but turned out to be an F1 unlabelled as such by Nicky’s Nursery.
Rosette pak choi Tatsoi Brassica rapa var rosularis tah tsai Sow April-Aug outdoors and undercover Aug-Oct spread 45cm space well for full plants or close up for CCA (N)
Rosette pak choi Brassica rapa var rosularis Tatsoi Yukina (ET) one of my favourite leafy vegs non hearting savoy like leaves dark green great flavour. SJuly-Oct HSept-Dec or undercover in Nov. Crops 8 weeks.
Japanese Greens Mizuna Brassica rapa var japonica (N) S May-Aug or Sept eat as a salad green or for cooking space 40cm
Japanese Parsley Mitsuba perennial forest plant s spring
Choy Sum, Purple Flowering (O) sow July-Oct in shallow rows 30cm apart. Struggled to grow well in the dry heat in the south of France 2005, 2006
Choy Sum, Hong Kong F1. Poor
Temuco (HSL) S [April] TP May
Rainbow (HSL) S [April] TP May
ZEA MAYS / CORN.
Sweetcorn Stowells Evergreen (O-Photo) 2010 (1848) One of the oldest sweetcorn varieties still in production. It has creamy white cobs of 20-23cm ears that remain ready on the plant for a long period, which is where the “evergreen” name originates.
Sweetcorn Ashworth This is an open pollinated variety from Real Seeds New for 2009
Sweetcorn Golden Bantam Heirloom. Plants grow to about 6ft and produce 2 ears per stalk the cobs are yellow with 8 rows of kernals. Sweet and delicious. Traditional American corn on the cob variety from 1900. Matures 70-85 days 2007, 2009
Sweetcorn Epi d’Or Hybride F1 Super sweet type ready in August – early September. Produces large cobs of 20-23cm (8-9in) long. 2004, 2005 suffered from sweetcorn smut
Sweet corn HoneySweet x
Sweetcorn Sweetie (O) very disappointed this turned out to be an F1 but a decent crop in 2008
Baby Corn Minipop (F1) Minicorn intended for eating whole. I found the cobs became too tough too quickly to eat whole and very difficult to tell when to harvest. I’ve had better baby corn by harvesting imature maincrop corn. 2007
Sweetcorn Topsun F1 no germination 2004
Cucumbers & Gherkins
*Cucumber Cucumis sativus Satsuki Madori (SW) rare Asian cucumber variety. 10-14″ long, slender fruits have tender skin and few seeds. Extremely delicious and never bitter, this has quickly become one of our favorite slicing cukes. 2010, 2011
Cucumber, Cucucmis sativus Burpless Tasty Green (O) Believe this is an F1 variety though was not listed as such. Long slender smooth skinned green cucumber with lovely dense crisp flesh and sweet flavour. Ideal raw. Resistant to mildew grows well outdoors on a frame or in unheated tunnel. 2008, 2011 Saved seeds 2011 will see if it grows true.
Cucumber, Cucucmis sativus Marketmore (V) Vigorous plants produce shortish dark green crisp and flavoursome cucumbers undercover or outdoors, can get bitter if left on the vine too long. Good raw or cooked . 2007, 2008. A 1968 release from Cornell University. It is a standard slicing cucumber similar to Ashley, Poinsett, and Straight Eight. Known as a ‘salad’ or ‘slicer’ the thin sweet skins allow it to be sliced without peeling first. Nice fruits about 8″ long are perfect for any fresh table use. Luscious, cylindrical, dark green fruits are produced in large numbers throughout summer. Performs well both in good and poor seasons. A superb outdoor variety.
Cucumber Cucucmis sativus le Genereux bog standard cucumber very common in France, can get bitter if left too long there are much better varieties to grow. 2007
Cucumber Cucucmis sativus Konsa F1 A diminutive salad cucumber, early outside crisp and smooth good eating. 2007 but i Can’t/won’t grow this one again as it was an F1 and I won’t buy the seeds again (there were only 4 in the packet).
Cucumber Cucucmis sativus Cucino F1 (T&M) only 4 seeds and they failed to germ.
Cucumber Cucucmis sativus Euphya f1 no recilection of this growing
Cucumber (Gherkin) Cucucmis sativus Fin de Meaux An old French ‘cornichon’ variety from the 19th century. Plants are very productive. Fruit are green and crisp with small black spines that rub off easily. Best picked young, at about 10cm, when they are perfect for pickling. (Tz),(SS) 2008
Fury Cucumber Cucucmis Melo Bari Vigorous plants produce prolific crops of small fury cucumbers. Rub the downy hair off to get smooth light-green cucumbers, with crisp sweet flesh. Growth habbit is spreading but can be trained up frames. The sweet flesh does not get bitter even in dry heat. A true Italian heirloom from Bari in Puglia saved by Silvio Dalcin for generations. His instructions are to tip prune at 30cm and protect from afternoon sun. 2010, 2011
Armenian Cucumber Cucumis melo var. flexuosus (SW) Vining plants that produce elongated pale green fruit upto 45cm long. The fruit are botanically melons but are eaten as cucumbers. The skin is thin with a corduroy-like rib and a slight soft fuzz. The flesh is dense, smooth and crisp and is less watery than a cucumber. The flavour is mild, not sweet but has no bitterness. 2010, 2011
Ronde De Nice , C.Pepo (MS) Trailing vigorous plant with light green spherical fruit. Pick when tennis ball size & before the skin begins to darken in colour. A lovely round courgette with creamy green skin and darker stripes with a slight rib. Productive, harvest young. Grew from saved seed from a single bought plant one plant grew as expected the other had short but delicious oblong courgettes. 2010, 2011
Soleil, C.Pepo (O) A delicious, highly productive yellow variety. Excellent flavour, raw or cooked, best harvested small. Very tasty, peppery flowers too. 2011 saved seed test showed uniformity thought this was possibly an F1.
Verte D’Italie , C.Pepo (G) An old Italian striped variety. Green fruit pale yellow stripe, flesh is dense and delicious sweet slightly nutty flavour. Pick when 20-25cm long. Best tasting green courgette I’ve tried. 2010, 2011
Goldena (TE) A beautiful, yellow fruiting, variety from the beginning of the 20th century. An excellent contrast to the darker green varieties. 2011 but No germination.
Verde di Milano nano , C.Pepo (F) small Dark green skin and dense crisp flesh. Lovely
Gold Rush, C.Pepo (T&M) F1 Delicious tasting crisp yellow courgettes great raw. Really liked this but want an open pollinated variety 2005, 2006 also Truffaut
Defender, C.Pepo (T&M) F1 Madly prolific but the taste is not that great and we can hardly keep up with eating the production of just two plants. This variety could put you off courgettes for life. 2004, 2005, 2006
Dundoo , C.Pepo F1 (T&M) not worth growing much better OP vars available
Squash, C.Pepo White Serpent (SW) This variety produces long, pale green courgette-like squashes, which turn yellowish as they get bigger. Prolific cropper, for a bumper crop harvest young as tiny courgettes or grow on for its delicious, sweet flesh which stays firm and fresh and does not get fluffy and marrow like. Believe this to be white serpent but not sure
Squash, Patty Pan C.pepo Mixed (Un) 2011 A member of the courgette family this tender summer squash not only looks stunning it tastes great too. Labelled as mixed all plants grown in 2011 grew delightful yellow scalloped saucer-shaped fruits.
Squash, Patty Pan C.pepo Mauritian Custard Marrow 2010 (Evelyn) A member of the courgette family this tender summer squash not only looks stunning it tastes great too. This variety is less fluted and and is a pale cream colour with pale yellow marking maturing to a deep yellow / orange comes from Mauritius.
Squash, Summer (C. pepo) Yellow Crookneck (SW-Mike@PlanB) knobbly yellow squash, with bulbous fruit and a curved neck. Harvest young and use like a courgette – great nutty flavour and good firm texture. Open bushy habit. 50 days. An old favourite heirloom, this is one of the oldest types of squash dating back to pre-Columbus times and has been popular ever since.
Squash, Winter C.Pepo Delicata (O) Also called Peanut squash because of its shape or ‘sweet potato squash’. Because it tastes a like sweet potatoes. Delicious creamy fine-grained, light orange flesh. Fruits are about 20cm long and 8cm wide with white skin and attractive green stripes. Trailing habit thin skin. Old variety from (1894) One of the best tasting squashes and stores ???? 4-6 weeks some say other say right through till spring.
Squash C. pepo Spaghetti grew well but we did not like eating it much so won’t grow it again 2004 & 2005
Squash C. pepo Thelma Sanders Sweet Potato Squash An acorn type squash with pale, almost white, gently ribbed, heart-shaped fruit. Beautiful in the garden (RS) 2009
Squash, C. moschata. Tromba D’Albenga *aka Trompeti, Tromboncino or Zucchetta Rampicante. Very popular in Liguria, Italy where I first saw it growing. In summer harvest the pale green curly courgettes then leave some to mature to enormous long curved buff coloured pumpkins by winter. Best grown on a frame and can be used to provide shade for summer leafy crops.
Squash, Winter (C.moschata) Waltham Butternut (TE) A delicious winter squash and one of the best. Vigorous vines set bulbous sandy yellow fruit with orange flesh. It has a sweet, nutty buttery taste that is similar to pumpkin or sweet potato. As it ripens, it turns increasingly deep orange, and becomes sweeter and richer. It grows on a vine, so support should be provided. It is notable for its ability to be stored for long periods when stored in a cool dry place. Waltham Butternut. Raised by Dr C E Young at the Waltham Experimental station in Massachusetts and introduced in 1944 and said to arise from the variety winter Crook-necked. Large. “Known for its uniform shape and rich dry yellow-orange flesh. This one has a nutty flavour and is a high-yielding vine. Fruits are 3-6 pounds and are very good keepers’ 2011
Squash C. moschata Butternut, (SS) Don’t know the variety but I suspect it is Waltham seeds came a from an organic market buy. One of my favourite winter storing pumpkin/squashes. This one has railing habit cylindrical fruits with bulbous end and ‘waisted’ pear shape. Buff coloured skin and delicious compact flesh. Weight 0.5- 2.2kg (1-5lb) 2004, 2005, 2006
Squash C. moschata Butternut,Ponca (K) An heirloom from the Ponca Tribe, USA. Early butternut, with small fruit.These grew very poorly for me 2008. Small crop of even smaller fruit.
Squash C. moschata Muscade Excellent quality flesh with a ribbed flattened globe shape turning from green to ochre. Grown a lot in Provence. Failed to germinate 2007 & 2008 must be a problem with the seeds
Pumpkin C. maxima Marina di Chioggia (F) Italian heirloom (1452). Medium to large flattened globe pumpkins, with knobbly, dusty-green to orange skin. Exceptional eating variety with lovely tasty rich, yellow-orange flesh. In Italy it is prized for making gnocchi and for roasting. Averaging 2-5kg. Stores 4-6 months.
Pumpkin C. maxima Vert D Hokkaido (FdSM) A green Japanese type. Distinct bush habbit with single vine, short internodes. Fruits are a round shape with flattened crown. Dark green skin, bright yellow and very sweet nutty flesh. Perfect for cooking I love this one. 2004, 2005,
Pumpkin C. maxima Green Hokkaido (O) A Japanese ‘Green Hokkaido’ type. Fattish round pumpkin with slight ribbing, dark green skin with a dense, nutty, dry, yellow to orange flesh. Each plant produces 1-3 fruit around 13-25cm in diameter with an average weight of 1-2.2kg. Matures in 98 days from direct sowing. Keeps well, 9-12months. 2011
Pumpkin C. maxima Blue Hubbard (SS) 2009 (C. maxima) Huge, teardrop-shaped fruit weigh 15-40 lbs. and have sweet, fine-grained, golden flesh. Great for baking, pies, and soup. The hard, blue-gray shell helps these keep for long periods in storage. Gregory Seed Company introduced this fine New England variety in 1909, and Mr. Gregory considered it his best introduction.
Pumpkin C. maxima Potimarron Red Kuri, (K)(SS) A Japanese ‘Orange Hokkaido’ type pumpkin also known as Uchiki Kury. Brick-red spinning top shaped fruits weigh in at 1.5-2.5 kg. They have a wonderful dense dry flesh and a deep chestnut flavour. Stores 4-6 months.
Pumpkin C. maxima Uncle David’s Dakota Dessert squash this is a buttercup type pumpkin and New England Heirloom This outstanding strain which David Podoll calls “the original buttercup” has been in his family for 70 years. They’ve been selecting it for 40 years, crossing it with hubbards and other maximas, primarily for colour, taste, sweetness, and vigour and hardiness in cold weather, but also for thick flesh, small seed cavities and higher productivity, while maintaining the buttercup look. 2007
Pumpkin Sweet Mama F1 this was sent to me as a Hokkaido sub not happy with it came out green with orange flesh but not the taste
Pumpkin, Rouge D’etampes French Heirloom grown in France since the 1830’s. Bright reddish-orange ‘Cinderella’ pumpkins with flattened globe shaped lobed fruit on bush vines. A big pumpkin up to18kg said to have excellent flavour. Failed to germinate 2007 & 2008 must be a problem with the seeds
Pumpkin Lady Godiva/ Retzer Olkurbis (T) I grew this because it is said to be the best for producing pumpkin seeds as the seeds are hulless. But the pumpkins produced very few seed and some germinated inside the pumpkin before I could harvest them. The pumpkin itself was tasteless verging on unpleasant to eat.2007
Calebasse, Natale (Warty Gourd) from Mauritius aslo known as wharty gourd. Incredible vining plants with soft leaves and disease resistant. Harvest the young fruit to eat and grown on for teh decorative hard-shelled gourds.
Gourd, Bottle (Lagenaria siceraria) also known as bottle squash, calabash gourd, Doodhi, or Lowki is a delicious vegetable that has many uses. Its delicate nutty flavour adds greatly to hot curries as well as cooling yogurt dishes like Raita. It can be used like squash but it has a firmer, crisper texture.
Chayote Sechium edule.aka Vegetable Pear, Choko or Chow Chow Eat young green shoots, green pear shaped fruit and kernel. Perennial in frost free conditions. Vines can be used for rope (SS) plant the fruit undercover in March
Achocha/Caigua, Cyclanthera brachystachya. ‘Fat Baby’ Tender annual. Sometimes referred to as a stuffing cucumber. A climbing cucurbit with thin vines producing an abundant harvest of edible, hollow, green, pods‘. 2010 This variety sets single fruits which are fat and covered in soft, fleshy spines. 2010, 2011
Kiwano / African horned cucumber Cucumis metuliferus (SW) new This spiny-fruited African relative of the cucumber is being grown in New Zealand and marketed under the name ‘Kiwano’, with the hope of replicating the success of the kiwifruit. When mature, its fruits are an attractive reddish-orange colour and filled with seeds in a jelly-like pulp. According to Evelyn, who had a farm in Zimbabwe, these things were just thrown away as weeds. 2009
Mexican Gherkin Melothria scabra also known as creeping or sour cucumbers. Small sour fruits look like miniature watermelons. Good for pickling or eating raw in salads. (Eden)
Karela / Bitter Gourd Momordica Charantia. Cucurbitaceae Fast-growing, trailing or climbing vine with thin stems and tendrils, best grown on a fence or trellis. Bitter gourd or karela, also known as bitter melon in the Chinese markets, is a delicacy that is nutritious and is renowned to have medicinal qualities. Prized vegetable in Indian cuisine. It can be fried, stuffed, pickled, baked or curried. Varieties of this vegetable include those with very light, almost whitish green skin to the dark bottle green colored skin.
Angled loofah – Luffa actangula The angled loofah grows wild in India and is cultivated throughout much of Asia. Sometimes, the fruits grow up to two metres long. When young, they are sliced, boiled and eaten as a vegetable. They are valued for their crisp texture and unusual cross-section. The leaves are also edible. aka sponge gourd. Climbing plants, with wonderful scented flowers, produce long ridged gourds. Eat when young or leave to grow on and harden. Then peel dried fruit to harvest luffas to use as kitchen or bath scrubbers. 2008, 2009, 2011 seeds from mauritus
Smooth loofah – Luffa cylindrical (SW) This gourd is the source of the familiar bath loofah. Ripe loofah gourds are soaked in water (retted) to remove the skin and pulp and the fibrous skeleton is then dried for use. Tried growing this 2008, 2009 but both times would noy flower or fruit until trigt at the end of the season producing fruit undercover in December??? Not enough time to mature. Loofahs are also used to stuff saddles and cushions and as filters to extract oil from water.
Watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) Kleckley’s Sweet Oval shaped melon with dark green rind, red flesh and white seeds. Introduced by Burpee in 1897. Got this open pollinated variety from in ….Sow direct after last frost or indoors in pots 2-3 weeks before last frost date. New for 2009
Watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) Cream of Saskatchewan Plants produce 8-10 lb round fruit. Rind is green striped and flesh is almost white. with black seeds. Will produce well in a short season. Said to be great tasting. New for 2009
Watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) Sugar Baby (T&M) poor growth only a couple of small fruit in 2 years 2004, 2005
Melon, Charantais Great looking fruit but we never got to eat them before the squirrels and hedgehogs, also takes up too much space.
Melon Cucumis melo Zatta Called ‘Brutto ma Buono’ in Italy, or Ugly but good. Scalloped, scaley skin, but sweet orange flesh from Padua. Described by Giaccomo Castelvetro in 1614 in his book The Fruits, herbs and vegetables of Italy. Sow from Feb – Jun.
LEAF & SALAD
CORN SALAD Valerianella olitorial Corn Salad, also known as Lamb’s Lettuce or Mâche Sow July-Oct Harvest Sept-March
Mâche (Valerianella olitorial) A Grosse Graine (Gondian) is an excellent winter salad green high in vitamins & nutrients. This variety is vigorous and early to harvest. It has large long leaves, which are tender and tasty.
Mâche (Valerianella olitorial) Ronde Maraîchèr (V) every productive winter salad leaf, this variety has with round leaves S:July-Oct H:Sept-March
Mâche (Valerianella olitorial) Coquille de Louviers (Eurograines) good winter salad leaf, this variety has spoon shaped leaves S:Mid July-Oct H:Sept-March Spacing 20cm (V)
Rocket (Eruca vesicaria subsp.sativa. Brassicaceae) Feuille d’Olive long leaves pronounced flavour for salads or as a pot herb. S:March-Aug H:All year New 2009
Rocket Cultivated (Eruca Sativa M.) sow all year round excellent leaf for salads or in pasta dishes (SS) height 45-65cm spread 30-40cm Sow April-June Harvest July- Oct in cooler climates.
Rocket Wild (O) Native to the Mediterranean and Eastern Asia very thin strapy serrated leaves, hot pungent flavour succession sow every 14 days stat cutting when 5-10cm tall. (FsM), (F)
Land Cress Barbarea verna Spicy winter/ spring salad green. Sow March-aug. Quick to crop in 7-8 weeks and can be harvested from July to February water well. Dry periods
Endive Scarole Broadleaf smooth crisp white leaf base turning to light green
Endive Frisée Fin de Louviers S Feb-Mar & May-July H May-July & Aug-Oct Classic frilly rosette of robust slightly bitter leaves will grow even from winter sowing. This variety is fairly fast growing and compact best for harvest spring to summer.
Endive Frisée a Costa Bianca sow aug-oct harvest oct-dec
Endive Frisée De Meaux SMay-July – Aug-Oct Large full heads resistant to heat and dry. Sow in pepiniere 16-18c plant out 3-4 weeks later 30cm apart.
Chicory, Rouge de Vérone Red radicchio S May-July H Oct-March Use leaves in winter and heads in spring.
Chicory, Palla Rossa (O) Red radicchio S May-June H july- sept or sow in august and plant undercover for winter use Oct-March
Chicory, Variegata Di Chioggia SJune-Sept HSept-Dec Variegated Red radicchio Mid-early, large round closed heads. Crunchy variegated with white ribs and pinky red markings
Chicory, Witloof, classic forcing chicory
Chicory, Sugar Loaf (V) S:Jun-Aug Tightly wrapped upright green head.
Chicory, Catalogna Gigante Chioggia (F) S:Mar-Sept Tall upright long serrated greeen leaves like huge dandilions, from Chioggia.
Sorrel (O) perennial leafy crop with an acidic taste use to flavour soups and fish.
Spinach Spinacia oleracea Géant d’Hiver * Productive, large leaved winter variety S Aug-Oct (Oct-Nov-Feb) H Oct-April Spacing 10cm x 25-30cm (2 months)
Spinach Spinacia oleracea Matador good for early spring sowing and autumn
Spinach Spinacia oleracea Bloomsdale Longstanding (HSL) is by far the most popular and widely available open pollinated spinach. Glossy, dark green savoyed leaves are sweet, tender, fleshy and have a rich flavor. Bloomsdale spinach stands well in warm weather without bolting. Introduced around 1925 39 days
Chrysanthemum Greens (Glebionis coronaria) The dark green aromatic leaves are rich in vitamin B and minerals. Originally native to the mediteranean now more popular in Japan and China.
Chrysanthemum Greens (Shungiku) Chrysanthemum coronarium S(Feb-March&Sept) & May-Aug (SWNóra) The seedlings and young shoots have a strong aromatic flavour for use in stir fries, salads or cooked like spinach. Becomes bitter if allowed to flower. Sow May-July outdoors, and September or February under glass to extend the season. (SW Nóra Hunagry) Shungiku is very hardy. Nóra says that the leaves have a nice mild celery taste and pretty flowers (chrysanthemum). Plants produces a huge amount of seed, and self-seeds very easily.
Leaf Beet Swiss Chard Verte a Carde Blanche Classic French variety with thick white succulent midribs and tasty dark green leaves. Really delicious
Leaf Beet Swiss Chard Bright lights stems are multicoloured and in – taste can be a bit extreme almost tasting like rhubarb S:March-June H:July-Nov
Leaf Beet perpetual spinach grows well but not too keen on eating it when grown in hot climate
LETTUCE Lactuca sativa
Lettuce Lactuca sativa May King (O) 2010 SAug-Sept HMar-April Crisphead winter May King has white seeds and is light-green with red tips. An old established variety for growing in cold greenhouse or under cloches, for very early spring or overwintering. Did not perform well in my garden.
Bronze Arrow autumn/winter (looseleaf) (HSL) This heirloom lettuce from California has arrow-shaped leaves of bronze-red and green with a delicious, mild flavour. “the finest, most colourful and most delicious leaf lettuce for the home garden.” Looseleaf. (40-50 days) Awarded the bronze medal at the 1947 All American Selections. Bronze Arrow does well in all sorts of weather and is slow to bolt. Looseleaf. 60 days. (California heirloom) Very attractive large oak leaf shaped leaves tipped with a reddish brown. High yields, cut and come again, slow to bolt, delicious flavour.55 days.
Lettuce Brune D’Hiver (Butterhead) Winter S:Aug-Sept for Spring picking New
Lettuce Rouge D’Hiver (Romaine) (O) Winter a French heirloom red romaine listed in Vilmorin’s Vegetable Garden book of 1885. Sow aug- Sept harvest March-April
Lettuce Rougette de Montpellier (butterhead) Winter/spring
Lettuce Gloire de Dauphiné (Batavia) Winter S May-July for autumn Sept-Oct for spring New
Lettuce Winter Density* (Cos) Winter/spring S:Aug-Sept for Spring picking (O)
Lettuce Verde D’Inverno (Cos) Autumn/Winter/spring S:(Feb-April) July-Oct H Autumn / winter
Lettuce Valdor (Butterhead) winter undercover/spring S:Sept-Oct broad green leaves and large pomme heads
Lettuce Corsair Cos Tightly folded solid green heads. My favourite from T&M S:Feb) -Summer
Lettuce Sherwood Cos Compact with green crisp leaves and a delicious sweet flavour.
Lettuce Blonde Maraichere Cos S:feb-June H: poor
Lettuce Regina dei Ghiacci* Iceberg spring/summer Italian source for
Lettuce Reine des Glaces* S:feb-sept plant out 30cm apart. Iceberg summer French source very similar but not exactly as above
Lettuce Paris Island Cos Cos spring/summer
Lettuce Sucrine Romaine summer
Lettuce Little Gem Semi-Cos summer
Lettuce Craquerelle du Midi batavia summer
Lettuce Laura Batavia summer/autumn
Lettuce Soulie Heirloom
Lettuce Rouge Grenobloise*Batavian autumn/winter lettuce, good in cold and shade. Large heads with crisp ruffled leaves tinted red.
Lettuce Red LeprechaunRomaine autumn Compact with shiny, dark-purple puckered leaves and good flavour.
Lettuce Green Salad Bowl, Loose-leaf all year
Lettuce Red Salad Bowl Loose-leaf all year
Lettuce Lettuce UbriaconaLoose Leaf Batavian all year S:March-Sept Italian hierloom
Lettuce Brunia, loose leaf all year excellent (V)
Lettuce Verde Ricciolina (I) ok but not to my taste
Lettuce greek maroulli cos (HSL) 63days A solid medium sized bright green romaine lettuce, crunchy leaves form tall heads. Originating in Greece where many “Cos” types have originated. Given to the Seed Ambassadors Project by the Heritage Seed Library, UK.
Sword Lettuce, Lactuca longifolia Yu Mai Tsai Also known as “Pointed Leaf Lettuce” or Taiwan lettuce (“Yu Mai Tsai”) is a Chinese heirloom. This is a fast growing variety of lettuce from Asia, 45-60 days. It has long pointed green leaves, the leaves and stems are crisp and tender with a unique flavour, full and non-bitter. It is a popular vegetable in Cantonese cuisine. In Taiwan it is referred to as “a choy” and used as a vegetable green in stir-fries and soups. Harvest at any stage; young for salads or use the older leaves for stir fries and soups. For the longest shelf life, harvest greens late in the day. Good for home or container gardening. Stands rain, adverse weather well.
Mesclun Home made mix includes :
LEGUMES Fabaceae / Leguminosae
Bean (Broad), Vicia Faba. Aquadulce Claudia (F) pods are 15-18″ long with white seeds. Best for autumn sowing producing excellent tasting beans in May. Big plus is that the crop is harvested before black fly become a problem. Sow in October or November 5cm deep, 25cm apart in double rows 25cm apart with 45-60cm between the next set of rows. Keep weed free. T&M say to cut tops off as soon as 4 clusters of flowers are visible.
Bean (Broad), Vicia Faba. Aquadulce (V)
Bean (Broad),Vicia Faba Witkiem Nice early maturing long pod but is best sown in spring which does not suit here. Best to choose an autumn sown var. (T&M)
Haricot Phaseolus vulgaris
Sow dwarf beans in double rows 30cm apart 5cm deep and 8cm apart in the row, the two rows will support each other and shade the roots to keep moist. Sow direct once all danger of frost has past or sow in pots in a frost free place, harden off and plant out.
Cupidon (Dwarf) 55 days. This French/filet grows impressive amounts of perfectly formed, medium green beans. The stringless, uniform pods grow 6-8 inches long, with a heavenly, refined flavor. Cupidon has been the haricot vert of choice in Britain for years. Healthy, bushy plants grow 18-22 inches tall.
Bean (Dwarf) Tendergreen (TE) nice meaty green bean grew it in the tunnel early spring.
Bean (Dwarf), Fin de Bagnols A French heirloom green bean dating back to the 1800’s. Pick young as thin fillet beans or mature at 17-18cm long green beans. Sow (March) April-Aug H June-Oct
Bean (Dwarf ) Duel (Tr) Green mangetout beans. Prolific crops, over a long period, of long fine green beans. Sow (March) and again mid April -May.
Bean (Dwarf) Purple Queen(U) – Purple mangetout beans. Very tasty pods that turn grey green when cooked. Sow April – May or may-june outdoors 2007, 2008
Bean (Dwarf) Purple Teepee (T&M) long slender 15cm purple pods, round, straight and stringless beans of good flavour and vigorous production. Pods grow above foliage making them easier to harvest 2004
Bean (Dwarf) The Prince (T&M) 2004-2005
Bean (Dwarf) Capitol (T&M) 2005
Bean (Dwarf) Opera (T&M)
Bean (French Dwarf beurre), Kinghorn S April-Mid Aug H June-Oct (LeP) Also called Roi des Beurres or King of the waxbeans Medium-early to late, stringless, dwarf French bean. The plant grows approx. 40 cm high and produces lots of, golden-yellow beans, about 13-14cm long. Good for getting a late crop in at the end of the season. Freeze well. Space rows 40cmx4cm apart.
Bean (French Dwarf beurre), Phaseolus vulgaris Maxidor (G) (SS) Delicious yellow beurre or wax beans, 2008 sow April-Aug H: July-Oct
Bean, (French Climbing) Mantra (O) lovely pale green delicious flat pods but can be damaged by severe winds here. really liked this one spacing 60cmx30cm S:(April)May-June H:July-oct 2004
Bean (French Climbing) Phaseolus vulgaris.Cosse Violette(G) Large broad purple pods great taste, stringless and tender.
Bean, (French Climbing) Blue Lake nice got seed in a swap but not enough to grow for seed
Bean (French Climbing) Phaseolus vulgaris.Trionfo Violetto(F) vigorous climber 190cm pods 16-18cm tender purple violet coloured turning purple when cooked. Nice bean.
Bean (French Climbing) Phaseolus vulgaris Buenos Aires 18cm long flat podded green bean.H 1.5-2.5m 71 to 80 days Sow direct after last frost. No germination 2009 seeds from Spain
Bean , Long Green Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis (F) (SS) aka Green Snake Bean. Also called Asparagus Bean, Snake bean, yard long bean, and Chinese long bean it is closely related to the cow pea or black-eye bean. This sub-tropical plant prefers warm conditions and grows well in my garden undercover. It is a vigorous climber easily reaching 15ft and more in the right conditions. The green pods are superb tasting and grow to about 60cm in length. This variety are pale green with red/brown seeds. In France I found it grew best sown in the poly in mid March.
Sow 3 seeds per station 80x40cm. Germinates 10-20 days at 10-15c Sow May-June Harvest July-Aug
Bean, Runner Phaseolus coccineus. Scarlet Emperor heavy cropping early runner with full flavoured, textured long dark-green pods. Really tricky to grow on a hot windy mountain but I love them so I keep trying. (O)(SS)
Bean, Runner Phaseolus coccineus. Desiree (T&M) A white flowered climbing bean. Heavy cropper giving over 40 long slender fleshy pods per plant. Exceptional flavour and stringless. Suitable for freezing.
Bean, Runner Phaseolus coccineus Meesher (HSL) Scarlet flowers , sweet crunchy black seeded beans. Could get plants to grow to produce and v poor germ.
Bean, Runner Phaseolus coccineus Wisley Magic Red flowers, heavy yields of long smooth, straight pods with good flavour and long cropping period. (T&M) S: (April) May-July Harvest July-October 2009 Seeds are purple speckled with black. Lovely bean, grew again from roots following year.
Bean, Runner Phaseolus coccineus Goliath (K) failed to germ
Bean (Shelling) Tarbais (K) Large white beans, an heirloom variety from south-western France, traditionally used for cassoulet.
Bean (Shelling-climbing) Phaseolus vulgaris True Red Cranberry (SW/SS) Grown for the big meaty red beans that do look like cranberries. 95 days AN American heirloom. The Abnaki Indians and woodsmen, who inhabited the area that is now known as Maine, historically used this bean. The True Red Cranberry bean was saved from extinction by early 20th century seed collector John Withee. After reading a description of it in a 1700′s cookbook, he spent 11 years searching for it. It was a one time staple of the Abnaki Indians and limbermen in the Northeast. 201
Bean (Shelling-dwarf) Phaseolus vulgaris Yin Yang also known as orca or Calypso beans
Bean (Shelling-dwarf) Phaseolus vulgaris Butterscotch Bean
Bean (Shelling-dwarf) Phaseolus vulgaris Black Turtle (SW) new 2011 This is a small black, kidney-shaped bean with a rich smoky flavour that has been compared to mushrooms. They hold their shape well when cooked and are a favourite in Cuban, Brazilian, Mexican, Creole and Caribbean dishes. Native to South America Also known as Turtle Soup Beans, Mexican Blacks and Frijoles Negros. Said to have heat resistance and disease tolerance.
Pea, Pisum sativum Duke of Albany (Seeds from Patrick in Amsterdam) This is an old pea, described by Vilmorin (1885). It is collected by HSL who describe it as Tall (210m) vigorous with white flowers and long dark green pods. S:Feb New 2009
Pea, Pisum sativum Petit Provencal round grain pea, sweet and delicious. Height 40cm Hardy and early variety sow Feb-April & August Harvest May-June & October in mild areas S Sept-Nov Harvest March – April(L)
Pea, Pisum sativum Kelvedon Wonder early S Jan-June seeds too old so no germ
Pea, Pisum sativum Purple Podded Pea
Pea, douce Provence round seeded traditional early dwarf petit pois of France. Best grown with brushwood pea sticks. An early pea sweet and juicy particularly good for freezing. 2005, 2006 S:oct-nov and Feb-April. H April-May or May-july Height 50cm sow peas at a depth of 4cm, in rows 40cm apart 1 seed every 2-3cm or pockets of 4-5 seeds 40cm apart each way, pods contain 7-9 seed
Pea (Snow ) Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Mammoth Melting Sugar aka mangetout peas (Seeds from Patrick in Amsterdam) An old European variety dating back to1906. Large flat, 10-15 cm long green stringless pods on tall plants of up to 2 metres, white flowers. Matures 65-75days.
Pea (Snow) Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Taiwan (Seeds from Patrick in Amsterdam) Slim flat pods in the shape of a symitre Delicious flavour crisp green and stringless. Really liked this one 2008.
Pea (Snow) Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Golden Sweet Yellow-Podded Mange-tout pea (RS) 2009 nice colourful and tasty could not save seed due to pea weevils
Pea (Snow) Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Norli (DO) H 60cm Sweet flat pods best picked when small.
Pea, (Snow) Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Carouby de Mausanne (G) S:Feb-April H: April-July. An original old mange-tout variety, French heirloom, large flat bright green pods, crisp, sweet and tasty. Grows to a height of 2m. Used for pea pods and shoots. Plant height approx 75cm New 2010
Pea, (Snow) Corne de Belier height 150m. Huge flat green pods with a great flavour S:Feb-April traditionally sown 5-6 seeds every 25cm at a depth of 3-5 cm depending on the soil, in 3 rows 40cm apart with 60cm between each group of 3. Harvest May-July
Pea, (snow) Oregon Sugar Pod (t&m) heavy crops of large flat green mangetout peas, well flavoured sow early March and succession sow until June
Pea (Snap) Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Sugar Ann (T) A sugar snap mangetout pea. Crisp juicy
fat green pods eat whole fresh, steamed or stir fried.
Pea, Asparagus (T&M) failed to germ well and then failed to grow. Harvest when 3cm long. Germinates 7-14 days at 19-20c. Sow protected to ensure good start and plant out after frost 30cm apart. Use pea sticks to support growing plants. Keep moist and pick pods when young
ROOTS & TUBERS & STEMS
BEETROOT Beta vulgaris SApr-July HAug-Nov
Beetroot di Chioggia (SW) SApr-July Old traditional Italian beetroot. Rosy pink skin, flesh white with concentric pink circles. Can be grated raw but is tastier cooked.
Beetroot Boltardy* (O) Excellent early main crop of smooth round sweet tasting roots resistant to bolting. S:March, (S: Nov in polytunnel).
Beetroot Rouge Crapaudine(K) Long slender roots, reputedly the oldest variety of beetroot, with rough black skin. Not impressed by it Tastes ok but best peeled. S: May-July for an Autumn-winter harvest.
Beetroot Golden Detroit Yellow fleshed beetroot said to be resistant to bolting S April-July H June –Nov (O) New 2009 really poor struggled to form decent sized roots.
Beetroot Lutz Winterkeeper Large round roots are said to remain sweet and tender up to 15cm diameter and stores well over winter (3-4months clamped). S: July-Aug H: Nov-Dec (SW) 2009 no germination or crop so no idea
Beetroot D’Egypte (T&M) poor germination 2004
Beetroot Golden (O) ok but did not develop big roots 2011
CARROT Daucus carota maincrop S (Jan-Feb & Nov) S March-July
Carrot Nantaise (F) (K) Good main crop carrot. Sow in late autumn undercover and spring Spacing 5x25cm 2007 April and November 2009 not great grown in France
Carrot John’s Purple (HSL)
Carrot Red Elephant (HSL) A large fast growing deep orange red carrot with no hard core.
Carrot Gigante Flakkée (F) S March-July late carrot long roots bright orange.
PARSNIP Pastinaca sativa S Feb-May H Sept-April
Parsnip Pastinaca sativa Guernsey (HSL) French Heirloom and cultivated in Europe for over 500 years. Excellent flavoured roots with smooth, white skin. S: Feb-March H:Oct-Feb 2009
Parsnip Pastinaca sativa White Gem (T&M) Canker resistant medium length white roots with smooth skin and sweet flesh. SFeb-May HSept-April good crop 2007
Parsnip Pastinaca sativa Demi-Long Guernsey (C) S Feb-Jun H May-Nov ?
RADISH & TURNIP
Radish Raphanus Sativus French Breakfast great quick cropping veg use roots raw and leaves cooked, best in the colder months.
Radish Raphanus Sativus Daikon (mooli) S mid to late summer to mature in autumn (10-12 weeks) or try autumn winter undercover seeds came from Kate at Hills and Plains and seedsavers, South Australia.
Radish winter Raphanus Sativus Violet de Gournay S Jun-Aug long purple skinned winter radish. Grew in 2008-9 really thin roots not really edible woody and nasty won’t bother to try again.
Radish Chinese Mantanghong F1 failed (T&M) 2005
Turnip Brassica rapa var. rapa Rave D’Auvergne (G/SS) White, crisp flesh with a purple blush on the shoulder. Crisp and sweet with a delicious mildly peppery flavour. Sow Mar-Aug Harvest July-Nov or Aug/Sept for winter in mild areas.
Celeriac Apium graveolensvar.rapaceum Monarch S(Jan-Feb) Feb-March in 20-25cm on the surface trays TP when soil is warm (T&M) new 2009 roots did not swell so nothing to harvest.
Celeriac Apium graveolensvar.rapaceum Niva (V) no crop
Fennel de Parma Sel Prado (F) Sow after midsummer for autumn & winter crop.(November in polytunnel for spring crop).
Hamburg Parsley sow March – April 30×15 harvest July-sept sow direct. Slow to germinate like parsley
Aubergine Solanum Melongena.
Sow indoors in good compost cover lightly 6mm keep warm 18-21c and covered until germination which takes 10-14 days. Sow 8-12 weeks before last frost & plant out after last frost. (Feb-April) Plant May-June Harvest July-October Can take up to 3 weeks to germinate, plant out mid spring – early summer or sow direct. S: Mar-April P or S direct May. Will grow in containers 45-60cm, support with a stake grow in a warm sheltered area or unheated greenhouse, feed when in flower with high potash liquid feed.
Szechuan* (HSL). A Chinese aubergine, collected by Joy Larkom in Chengdu, Szechuan in 1994 and passed to HSL. Smallish, slender, dark purple aubergines with lime green flashing where shaded from sun. The best tasting aubergines I’ve tried, dense almost sweet white flesh with no bitterness at all.
Oeuf Blanc Lovely variety produces large quantities of lovely 2-3″ oval creamy white fruit right through the season. The fruit have a delicate flavour with slightly mushroom taste and clean dense flesh perfect for stir frying. Saved seeds from plant bought 2009 , (SS) 2010, 2011. Grew well in France.
Thai Long Green (RS) a long thin green Aubergine, dense flesh nice flavour New 2009, 2010
Vkus Gribov (Taste of Mushroom) A white aubergine from Siberia (sw) New 2009 no germination
Black Beauty (TM) Classic large purple-black glossy fruit, productive said to be an heirloom 2008, 2009
Apple also known as Thai Green A small white aubergine with green streaks running down from Violetta Lunga (F) Long dark purple Italian Aubergine, clean flesh, good flavour.
Ronde de Valence (G) Round dark purple fruit with striking acid green shoulders. Can get bitter hard and seedy in a hot dry summer if not applied with enough water.
Physalis (Physalis Peruviana) Coqueret de Perou aka Cape Gooseberry, Husk Tomato, or Ground Cherry. The fruit is a smooth bright yellow to orange berry, about 1-2 cm in diameter, encased in a papery lantern-like husk. When fully ripe the fruit are delicious; sweet, mildly tart and aromatic. The sprawling vine grows up to 2 feet high and spreads 3 to 4 feet wide. Saved from a plant.
See MASTER LIST PEPPERS
See MASTER LIST TOMATOES
HERBS & EDIBLE FLOWERS
Parsley, Italian Flat Leaf
Bi-annual, easy to grow, well flavoured herb or leafy vegetable. Original seeds from (F) Harvested 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
Coriander Coriandrum sativum (O)
Succession sow every 3 weeks through growing season. Leaves are ready for harvest as soon as the plants reach 10cm. Height 90cm. Guide leaf 40-60days seed 120 days. Can be slow to germinate lightly crack seeds to improve germination.
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
The aromatic leaves are a popular potherb in India. The seeds make a tasty tea. Popular in western Asia and the Mediterranean.
Shiso, Green Perilla frustescens
A Japanese herb used for seasoning and garnishing. Tender bushy annual. Of the two varieties main red and green, the green is the stronger flavoured. The flavour is said to be best when grown on acid soils and when the leaves are picked about 5cm wide. The seeds and flowering spikes are also eaten. Use It is eaten with raw fish to counteract parasites that may be lurking in the fish. Use as a vegetable in soups.
Shiso, Red Perilla frustescens
The purple-red leaves are used to color and flavor vinegar and to make beautiful pink rice. They are great in salads; flavor is a mix of basil and mint. (SWNóra) it continues to grow well into the winter in a poly tunnel.
Shiso, Korean Perilla frustescens
This variety has much larger green leaves and is brilliant for making wrapped dishes.
Mexican Tarragon (sweet mace)(SW Candy2010)
Hardy Annual/Tender Perennial. Aromatic, anise-flavored leaves are used in seasoning sauces, soups, teas, and vinegar. Bears narrow, glossy green, serrated leaves and small yellow flowers in clusters. The dried leaves and flowers are brewed into a tea traditionally used for colic and malaria. Used as a poultice for rattlesnake bites and ceremonially by native peoples in Central-Southern Mexico. Start indoors 6 weeks before last frost date. Can also be sown directly in the garden. During germination, keep entire seedbed evenly moist.
Basil Sweet Genovese. (Ocimum ssp.) The classic large-leaved Italian sweet basil prized for its spicy flavour and wonderful aroma, particularly favoured for making pesto. Pinch back flower stalks as they appear to keep plants bushy.
Basil Large Leaf (Ocimum ssp.
Basil Thai (N) grew nicely 2007, 2008
Basil Holy (Ocimum ssp.) “Native throughout the Old World tropics & widespread as a cultivated plant. It is cultivated for religious & medicinal purposes, & for its essential oil.” new 2011
Basil Thai Sacred Thai Sacred. “.. deserves serious recognition for its many medicinal properties.
It is supposedly an oxygenator of the brain, therefore improving the memory a very slender creeping stem, bearing small oval-rounded leaves & erect new 2011
Borage beautiful blue flowers but hate touching it so won’t grow it anymore sow march- July 30x30cm
Nigella Sativa (Fennel Flower) (N) sow direct in autumn or early spring
Oregano perennial sow feb-April or all year round indoors
Dill Anethum graveolens (O) sow (feb-mar) April-May 30x20cm harvest May-Sept
Mexican Marigold 1 packet (300) £1.85new 2011
Valerian Valeriana officinalis (TE) a medicin of great use in nervous disorders. Some recommend it as producing sleep, particularly in fever. 1 packet (200) £1.75 new 2011
Garlic Chives Also called Chinese Chives. The delicious garlic flavoured leaves, buds and flowers are a delicacy. The plants are perennial, forming large clumps Divide in spring or sow in autumn. Germinates 14-21 days at 19-21c. Sow undercover and plant out when we’ll rooted 20cm apart. Tip plant each pot of 4 seedlings so the soil level is 5cm above the plant pot level. Earth up plants each spring.
French Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus
Pot Marigold Calendula officinalis Self seeding annual. S April-May & Sept Flowers June -Nov. Great companion plant for the kitchen garden and can be used as a pot herb (poor man’s Saffron) or medicinal herb. Seeds originally came from the Museum of Garden History in London (Suffolk herbs) excellent. Harvested 2004,2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
Sunflower Helianthus annuus These really are giants growing to over 9ft tall with large showy yellow heads some have masses of smaller heads too. Great companion plant for the kitchen garden attracting polinating insects and can be used as poles for climbing plants such as beans or cucurbits. The seeds are delicious salt roasted as a snack or made into a nutty spread or left out for the birds in winter.
Sunchoke (Helianthus tuberosus. Asteraceae)aka Jerusalem Artichoke (SS) Related to the sunflower sunchokes are grown for their nutty tubers. The tall plants make good windbreaks and the tubers are delicious eaten raw or cooked. These edible tubers have a significant side affect, which I guess doesn’t matter on our mountain but in polite company a definate drawback.
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis P spring
Sunchoke /Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus. Asteraceae P March
Cardoon Cynara cardunculus.Asteraceae Plein Blanc Enerme Perennial thistle like plant grown for the leaf stalks in winter. Unique taste and delicious. S (March-April)-May H Sept-Dec
Artichoke Cynara scolymus Green Globe Perennial but this got killed by frost 2004 Sow feb-march undercover plant out after frost 100cm x 100cm. Cut heads from second year.
Sorrel Rumex Scutatus perennial (O)
Rhubarb Rheum undulatum S July-Sept P Oct-Dec Harvest the following year.
Asparagus Jersey knight Improved decent var but too few seeds 2006 and lost plants
Seed Source Code (SS) self saved (SW)Seed Swap (F) Franchi Seeds (V)Vilmorin (O) Organic Seed Catalogue (T) Tuckers Seeds (RS) Real Seeds (N) Nicky’s Seeds (PC) Potager d’un Curieux (Eden) The Eden Project, (C) Caillard (T&M) Thompson & Morgan (G) Gondian (TE) Thomas Etty